Updated: May 27, 2020
- The Government of Turkey announced that when domestic flights and trains resume, a personal HES (Hayat Eve Sığar) code will be mandatory for all passengers traveling on domestic transit. The HES code will be checked 24 hours prior to the trip and passengers will be notified regarding their status. Passengers who are not approved by the Ministry of Health to travel will not be permitted to travel. The HES code is valid only for a certain period and should be valid for at least 7 days beyond the trip. For more information on this code, including how to apply for a code, please visit:
Country Specific Information:
- Turkey has confirmed cases of COVID-19 within its borders.
- U.S. citizens who seek to travel to the United States should book commercial options as the U.S. government does not anticipate arranging repatriation flights in Turkey at this time. Limited international commercial flight options exist in Turkey. U.S. citizens who choose not to make commercial arrangements should be prepared to remain abroad for an indefinite period.
- For information related to available flights, please see the section below. When buying a ticket, U.S. citizens should verify any transit country’s entry requirements before booking.
- If you have plans to return to the United States in the near future and you have not yet been in touch with us, please inform is by filling out this form.
- While Turkish citizens can call “199” to seek an inter-city travel permit, U.S. citizens traveling by road to reach an airport in a different province must still contact the district governor’s office to obtain permission to travel by land for your international departure. You can inform us by filling out this form and we will prepare a document for you to present in support of your travel permit application. We also may share your information with the Turkish authorities, but the decision to grant travel permissions lies with the district governor.
Entry and Exit Requirements:
- According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Turkey will not pursue overstay penalties against foreign nationals unable to depart due to COVID-19. You may need to show immigration officials evidence of your inability to depart, such as a canceled flight reservation. Residency permit information is available at https://en.goc.gov.tr/
- Nationals of listed countries or passengers who have transited from or been in the following countries in the past 14 days are not permitted to enter Turkey: Algeria, Angola, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canada, Chad, Colombia, Cote d’Ivoire, Czech Republic, Cyprus, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kuwait, Latvia, Lebanon, Mainland China, Mauritania, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, Niger, North Macedonia, Norway, Oman, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tunisia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, and Uzbekistan. Turkish citizens/residents who were in these countries in the past 14 days are allowed to enter Turkey but are subject to a 14-day quarantine requirement.
- Turkish Ministry of Health officials screen travelers at airports and maritime ports, as well as some land crossings, using thermal cameras.
- To date, travelers do not need any specific health documentation to enter/exit Turkey.
- If an individual presents with COVID-19 symptoms, Turkish Ministry of Health may send that person to a designated hospital for testing and possible observation under quarantine for 14 days.
- Vehicles are not permitted to enter or depart Ankara, Balikesir, Bursa, Eskisehir, Gaziantep, Istanbul, Izmir, Kayseri, Kocaeli, Konya, Manisa, Sakarya, Samsun, Van, and Zonguldak. Foreigners are permitted to conduct inter-city travel in order to reach a flight back to their home country, however, travel permits are required.
- Hair salons, shopping malls, and some stores have reopened, but require social distancing and restrict the number of people who can enter.
- All museums and archaeological sites are closed.
- All onsite classes at primary, middle and high schools and universities (public and private) are closed.
- Most venues deemed non-essential are closed, including: theaters, cinemas, museums, archaeological sites, exhibition centers, concert halls, wedding halls, casinos, pubs, coffee houses, indoor playgrounds (including inside shopping malls and restaurants), tea gardens, clubhouses, amusement parks, swimming pools, Turkish baths, saunas, spas, and sports centers.
- Restaurants are closed except for take-away or delivery service.
- Residents under the age of 20, and aged 65 and above, may not leave their homes except for a brief period each week, and are not permitted to travel in cars during that time. The curfew is lifted during limited hours on specific days according to the individual’s age: Sundays: individuals aged 65 and above; Wednesdays: children under age 14; Fridays: children ages 15-20.
- All individuals must wear cloth face coverings where people are collectively located, including supermarkets, marketplaces, and workplaces as well as in all forms of transportation (including private vehicles) with at least two persons inside.
- Local authorities may put in place additional COVID-19 restrictions, including curfews, with little or no advance notice.
International Commercial Flight Information:
There are currently no direct flights to the United States departing from Turkey. All flights require transfers through third countries. Travelers should review transit country’s requirements prior to booking tickets. The list below includes commercial flight options that will require transfers in order to reach the United States. Any questions related to the flight (baggage, pets, seating preference) should be directed to the airlines. The U.S. Embassy and Consulates are providing this information as a reference only; the list is not exhaustive and is subject to change. U.S. citizens should research their transit options at these destinations prior to purchasing tickets. In all cases, U.S. citizens must purchase tickets for onward travel to the United States.
Belavia Airlines to Minsk:
Wednesdays, Thursdays, and Fridays at 04:55 am: Belavia airlines offers itineraries from Istanbul (IST) IST via Minsk, connecting to the U.S. via Paris, London, Frankfurt or Amsterdam. See links below for information on transiting these cities, which offer direct flights to the United States. Travelers must work with airlines or a travel agent to book flights to ensure luggage can be checked to the final destination.
- Airline: https://en.belavia.by/
- Transit Information:
- Belarus: https://by.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information/
- France: https://fr.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information/
- The U.K.: https://uk.usembassy.gov/covid-19-coronavirus-information/
- The Netherlands: https://nl.usembassy.gov/health-alert-update-regarding-covid-19-u-s-consulate-general-amsterdam-netherlands-5/
- Germany: https://de.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information/
SunExpress flights to Frankfurt:
SunExpress has been offering occasional flights to Frankfurt (FRA) from various cities in Turkey, including Adana, Antalya, Izmir, and Ankara. Flight availability from any of these cities depends on the week, so it is best to search the SunExpress website for available options. You may need to search for a flight on a later date and then scroll back to find available flights. It is important to note that Frankfurt (FRA) is the only airport in Germany that U.S. citizens should use to transit from Turkey to the United States. Frankfurt (FRA) offers direct onward flights to the U.S. and has an airside transit hotel. Tickets are available for purchase on the airline website.
- Airline: https://www.sunexpress.com/en/
- Transit Information: https://de.usembassy.gov/covid-19-information/
- View U.S. Mission Turkey’s most recent Alerts here
- Dial 184 within Turkey to access the Turkish Ministry of Health COVID-19 Telephone Hotline (Turkish/English/Arabic)
- Turkish Ministry of Health COVID-19 web page
- Turkish Presidency’s interactive COVID-19 web page
- Turkish General Directorate of Civil Aviation